Clay-base ceramic tiles are an ideal choice for kitchens, baths, basements, porches, laundry rooms, and other moisture-prone areas. Floor tiles are extremely durable; water-, stain-, and wear-resistant; and easy to care for. An array of colors, patterns, shapes, and sizes is available.
All tile feels hard, but some types of tile are actually harder than others. The body of a tile, sometimes called the bisque or biscuit, is produced to meet a specific need or use. Although thickness is one gauge of strength, composition of the tile and the temperature and duration of firing also determine its strength.
Let us cut the chase and jump straight to the eternal debate of Difference between Porcelain & Ceramic?
Raw material used for porcelain and Ceramic
In general, porcelain is harder than ceramic and offers greater design flexibility. Although both are made from clay and other naturally occurring materials fired in a kiln, the clay used to make porcelain tile is more refined and purified. It's fired at a higher temperature and greater pressure, resulting in an extremely dense and hard material.
Porcelain and Ceramic Basics
As it turns out, ceramic and porcelain are composed differently and do behave accordingly upon installation, but with only slight differences. The chief difference is that porcelain tile is more impervious than ceramic tile and is thus subject to less water infiltration.
According to the industry group that decides whether a tile is porcelain or ceramic, everything boils down to whether the tile can meet a set of highly controlled water absorption criteria. Another standards group, this one independent of the tile industry, even pushes the definition further by stating that porcelain is dense, impervious, fine-grained, and smooth, in addition to the same water absorption criteria.
Porcelain slab is an ideal product for cold-weather climates where freeze/thaw conditions are a concern. Due to its low moisture absorption rate ( 0.5 percent or less), porcelain is less likely to crack and is more impervious to stains.
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We believe a blank canvas is something full of possibilities and with unlimited potential. At Greyhammer we celebrate the beauty of natural materials that are crafted into simple, one-of-a-kind shapes and silhouettes.
We source our materials across the globe, select, filter and negotiate with best suppliers to bring our customer the best of best, e.g. Italy / Greece / Spain / Brazil / India Marble, Granite, Onyx, Travertine, Limstone, Quartz, Porcelain or solid wood from Africa and South America.
In the industry is often used for wall application only and it has a reputation of having high water absorption generally over 10%. PORCELAIN people refer to a product that is fully vitrified, with water absorption lower than 0.5% and so is suitable for all usages. (For outdoor flooring, the requirement in general is to use material with water absorption lower than 0.5%).
- 6mm technology produces fully vitrified porcelain products with very low water absorption, lower than 0.1% based on test report.
- Porcelain tile is often extruded; has fewer impurities than ceramic; is often vitrified; and often contains more kaolin than ceramic.
- Raw materials – exact composition is an exclusive know-how but generally is made out of
Quartz, clay, feldspar, alumina, zirconia, silica, magnesia, lime, beryllium oxide, and ferric oxide made into panels via a compacting system, without a mold and fired at temperatures ranging from 1,200 to 1,400 degrees C.
Summary of Porcelain
- Impact resistant.
- Scratch resistant.
- Heat resistant.
- Chemical resistant.
- UV resistant. Suitable for outdoor use. *(No resin)
- Harder & better durability.
- Extremely low water absorption rate of 0.5 percent or lower.
- Can be used in high-moisture applications, such as showers, bathtubs, and pools.
- 6mm Porcelain is light weight during transportation & installation.
- Better design flexibility. *(Greyhammer curates Marble like, Onyx Like, Travertine like and Wood like[upcoming] Porcelain Slab which are 100% genuinely made in Italy)
Porcelain VS Ceramic
Made of High Quality Clay n Mineral
Made using High temperature firing
Less porous – more resistant to scratch n stain. Good for outdoor
Surface is generally very smooth
Very white and Translucent
Highly durable and hard material
Made of lower Quality Clay n Mineral
Made using lower temperature firing
More porous – less resistant to scratch n stain. Cannot be used for outdoor
Surface is less smooth
Opague (less shiny)
Less durable and softer material